Out of Bounds:
Out of bounds is defined by the boundary fences, white stakes/poles or white stakes/poles with black tops/stripes.
Roads and Paths:
All roads and paths on the course, even if not artificially-surfaced, are treated as immovable obstructions from which free relief is allowed under Rule 16.1.
Protection of Young Trees and Shrubs:
The young trees and shrubs identified by stakes or wire cages are no play zones. If such a tree interferes with the player’s stance or area of intended swing, the player MUST take relief under Rule 16.1f.
Abnormal Course Conditions:
Ground Under Repair is defined by any area encircled by a white line or blue stakes. GUR includes (whether marked or not), all new / maintenance work, distinguishable machinery/vehicle tyre marks and bare patches or animal marks on the greens (when the ball is lying on the green).
Relief from Exposed Tree Roots and Rocks on Fairway:
If a player’s ball lying in the fairway has interference from tree roots or exposed rocks, relief is available under Rule 16.1b. But interference does not exist if the tree root/exposed rock only interfere with the player’s stance.
Relief from Animal and Water Damaged Bunkers:
If a ball lying in a bunker has interference from water or animal damage (where sand has been removed by the movement of water resulting in deep furrows or areas of damage caused by kangaroos/rabbits) relief is available under Rule 16.1c. But interference does not exist if only interfering with the player’s stance.
Relief from Ornamental Garden Beds:
Relief may be taken from mulched garden beds under Rule 16.1b.
If paspalum stalks interfere with the intended swing, they may be broken off without penalty
Penalty for Breach of Local Rule: